Logging has evolved with our society since the founding of the industry. What began as a survival technique, a method of shelter, of heat, and of protection has transformed into a $270 billion dollar industry. Logging underwent its first major growth and transformation in the US directly after the civil war. Post war there was a massive demand increase as urban necessities grew and the industrial revolution began. Because of this drastic demand change logging moved from its original coastal areas into more rural and isolated forested land. this change required a change of transportation. Lumberjacks could no longer use waterways to transport their lumber, thus the development of logging trucks, trains, cranes, skidders, and chippers. A new industry was developed, and the original idealistic logging mentality of Paul Bunyan and lumberjacks died.
The Shock Factor
- 50,000 species of plants and animals become extinct every year due to deforestation. That means every 12minutes a species disappears.
- About 2.7 acres or the equivalent to 2 football fields of forest is cleared every second.That is 78 million acres of trees that disappear every year.
- It is estimated that the world’s forests store 283 Gigatonnes of carbon in their biomass alone.The carbon stored in forest biomass, deadwood, litter and soil together is roughly 50 per cent more than the carbon in the atmosphere.
- The loss of natural forests around the world contributes more to global emissions each year than the transport sector.
- Around 10 million people are employed in conventional forest management and conservation.
- Approximately 500 million small-scale farmers in the tropics retain and manage trees on their farms for livelihood goals.
*The shock factor was collected by the data presented by the United Nations Environmental Program.